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Treatment involves decreasing day length to 8 hr of daylight, conversion to a pelleted diet, removal of nest boxes and any toys the bird may be overly bonded to, removal of any mate, and discussion with the owner of appropriate handling of their bird. Calcium supplementation and a GnRH agonist may be needed to reduce the production of reproductive hormones. Usually, acetate (800 mcg/kg, IM, every 3 wk for three injections, then prn) is administered. If the above changes and medications are unsuccessful, then a salpingohysterectomy may be necessary. This will prevent egg laying but not always ovulation, because it is impossible in birds to remove all ovarian tissue. Prognosis is good with early cases that respond to management, dietary changes, and GnRH agonists.
Despite a relatively poor documentation on pet bird parasitic diseases, giardiosis, aspergillosis and cryptosporidiosis have been reported in these avian populations, both in chronic and in acute infections. Favorizing conditions could be high-density populations, stress, and adaptation to a new environment or prolonged periods in confined housing . Transmission to humans often results from feces manipulation or lack of hygiene [,,].
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It may be hard to believe, but your bird can make you sick. There are several diseases that birds can transmit to people (these are called zoonotic diseases). For your own health, it is important to understand how to prevent transmission of these diseases.Pet birds are extremely susceptible to a wide variety of household dangers. There are numerous reasons for this, including their small size, rapid metabolism, and sensitive respiratory systems. Of course, with parrots, there is also an intense curiosity and need to explore everything with their beaks. Owners need to be vigilant about protecting their pet birds from the dangers that exist throughout the home:Simple hygiene can prevent most of the diseases that birds and humans share. If you are conscientious about cleaning up after your bird and always wash your hands after handling your bird or his bowl and toys, it's very unlikely that you will become ill. Of course, not every bird harbors such infections, but it's always best to be safe. 1. Poisoning - Birds are susceptible to a wide range of toxic substances which can injure or kill birds either by ingestion or inhalation. One of the most common toxins that threatens pet birds is insecticides sprayed in the home. These should not be sprayed near cages or perches, nor in areas where your bird’s food is stored. Other dangerous chemicals in the home include ammonia, bleach, oven cleaner, glues, nail polish remover, paint, and perfumes. Poisonous houseplants are also dangerous.The risk of getting a disease from your bird is typically highest in people who already have chronic diseases, such as the very young, the elderly, HIV-infected individuals, organ-transplant recipients, and people receiving chemotherapy. People at risk should speak with both their physician and their veterinarian about the relative risks of disease transmitted from pet birds. 1. Chlamydiosis - Also known as Psittacosis, can be transmitted to humans. In people, the disease causes flu-like symptoms of fever, chills and headache. If left untreated, Psittacosis can cause liver and kidney damage or even meningitis.